Lowell P. Weicker Jr., a Republican U.S. senator who tussled together with his personal celebration during the Watergate hearings, championed laws to guard individuals with disabilities and later was elected Connecticut governor as an impartial, died Wednesday. He was 92.
Weicker’s loss of life at a hospital in Middletown, Conn., after a brief sickness, was confirmed by his household in an announcement launched by a spokesperson.
With a 6-foot-6-inch body and a shoot-from-the-hip fashion, Weicker was a number one determine in Connecticut politics from his first election to the Basic Meeting in 1962 till he determined towards operating for a second time period as governor in 1994.
He impressed sturdy emotions amongst many individuals he met. In a single ballot, opinion was break up over whether or not Weicker was “decisive and brave,” or “rigid and conceited.”
“I feel he was simply extremely real, slightly unfiltered,” Connecticut Gov. Ned Lamont, a Democrat who thought-about Weicker a buddy, informed the Related Press in 2021. “And we kind of miss that nowadays with the teleprompter.”
Elected in 1990 to his single time period as governor, Weicker restructured Connecticut’s income system, shepherding in a brand new earnings tax regardless of vocal opposition. He additionally helped craft a compact with the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation which finally introduced on line casino playing to jap Connecticut.
“He was a frontrunner who continuously challenged the established order. He did not need to win any recognition contests,” mentioned Republican state Sen. Ryan Fazio, who represents Greenwich, the city the place Weicker as soon as served as first selectman. Such impartial mindedness was praised Wednesday by Republicans like Fazio in addition to Democrats, who management state authorities and the state’s congressional delegation.
“He did immense good for Connecticut and our nation, and he did it his means,” mentioned Democratic U.S. Sen. Richard Blumenthal. Former Democratic Gov. Dannel P. Malloy praised Weicker for being “powerful and compassionate at the identical time.”
Nationally, Weicker’s political marquee burned brightest during the 1973 hearings of the Senate’s particular committee on Watergate. One in all three Republicans on the seven-member panel, the freshman senator was not afraid to criticize President Richard Nixon, his personal celebration or the tried cover-up.
In his 1995 autobiography “Maverick: A Life in Politics,” Weicker mentioned he didn’t volunteer for a spot on the committee to be an “anti-Nixon man,” or a “powerful prosecutor,” acknowledging that he supported Nixon politically and the way Nixon campaigned for him in 1968 and 1970.
“Increasingly, occasions have been making it clear that the Nixon White Home was a cauldron of corruption,” Weicker wrote. “And at the same time as disclosures saved coming, an increasing number of nationwide leaders have been performing as if nothing particularly uncommon had occurred.”
Barry Sussman, a former Washington Publish editor who labored with Weicker on his autobiography, credited Weicker with taking the Watergate scandal extra significantly than his Senate colleagues and for investigating whether or not Nixon underreported his earnings.
“Not one of the different Republican senators had any curiosity in doing any probing, interval,” Sussman mentioned. “That was principally true of the Democrats, too.”
Weicker was born in Paris in 1931, to Lowell P. Weicker Sr. — whose household based the pharmaceutical big E.R. Squibb and Sons — and the previous Mary Bickford, a daughter of a distinguished British household.
After school, legislation faculty and repair within the Military, Weicker was elected to the Connecticut Home of Representatives in 1962 and served three phrases. His nationwide political profession started in 1968 with election to the U.S. Home of Representatives. Two years later, he moved as much as the U.S. Senate.
In addition to serving on the Watergate committee, Weicker labored for passage of the Warfare Powers Act. The daddy of a kid with developmental disabilities, he sponsored the Safety and Advocacy for the Mentally Unwell Act in 1985 and 1988 and launched laws that may later grow to be the Individuals with Disabilities Act.
However Weicker was at odds with the conservative wing of his celebration on social points similar to faculty prayer, busing and abortion.
Irritated Republicans in 1988 backed then-Democrat Joe Lieberman and denied Weicker a fourth time period within the Senate. However two years later, he was again in politics with a brand new affiliation. He gained the governor’s workplace, sworn in because the state’s first — and final — impartial governor for the reason that Civil Warfare, heading a brand new impartial political celebration known as A Connecticut Social gathering.
When he took workplace, Connecticut’s finances deficit was $963 million. Through the 1990 marketing campaign, Weicker opposed instituting a private state earnings tax, saying it could be like “pouring gasoline on a fireplace.” However his finances secretary satisfied him the tax was the one fiscally accountable alternative.
Weicker vetoed three state budgets handed by legislators till he acquired his means. On Aug. 22, 1991, lawmakers lastly handed a finances with a 4.5 p.c flat earnings tax and a discount within the gross sales tax from 8 to six p.c, coupled with spending cuts.
An estimated 40,000 protesters packed the state Capitol grounds in Hartford on Oct. 5, 1991, demanding lawmakers “axe the tax.” Some hanged him in effigy. In the meantime, others, together with furloughed state staff, protested Weicker’s finances cuts. A nun mentioned she would “pray that he burns ceaselessly within the fires of hell” for attempting to slash state assist to parochial colleges.
Weicker’s favorability score plummeted however the earnings tax prevailed and the state ended the 1992 fiscal yr with a $110 million surplus.
The John F. Kennedy Library Basis awarded Weicker a Profiles in Braveness Award in 1992.
He mentioned his determination towards searching for a second time period was a matter of household and cash, not politics. Weicker mentioned he wished to spend extra time together with his third spouse, Claudia Testa, his seven kids and his grandchildren. He mentioned he additionally wished to earn more money than the governor’s annual wage at the time, $78,000.
Weicker thought-about operating for president as an impartial in 1996 and was again within the highlight in 1999 when former wrestler and Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura inspired Weicker to run for the Reform Social gathering nomination. Weicker turned him down.