More than one in 10 flats, terraces and semi-detached properties in some areas of England are formally thought of overcrowded, with the proportion rising to at the least one in 5 in parts of London, new figures present.
There are additionally sharp contrasts in ranges of overcrowding throughout completely different non secular and ethnic teams, which can replicate variations in age and background amongst households.
The info is the newest to be launched from the census, which passed off in England and Wales on March 21 2021.
It reveals the proportion of flats thought of overcrowded was highest in the London boroughs of Barking & Dagenham (22.7%), Newham (21.8%) and Redbridge (20.0%), together with Slough in Berkshire (20.8%).
There have been 38 native authorities the place at the least one in 10 flats met the factors for being overcrowded on the day of the census, 28 of which have been in the capital and all in south-east England, aside from Leicester (16.0%).
London boroughs additionally got here first for overcrowding in terraced housing, with Newham (18.6%) and Barking & Dagenham (13.6%) recording the best proportions.
However there’s a better unfold of geographical areas on the high of this checklist, together with Leicester (13.2%), Birmingham (11.9%), Oldham (10.6%) and Manchester (9.4%).
A family is classed as being overcrowded if it has fewer bedrooms than required, in response to the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics (ONS) which revealed the info.
To find out if a family has sufficient bedrooms, residents are divided into sorts, every of which ought to have their very own room – for instance, an grownup couple, every other grownup aged 21 or over, two males aged 10 to twenty (sharing), two females aged 10 to twenty (sharing) or two youngsters aged 9 and below.
Overcrowding in semi-detached properties on the time of the 2021 census was once more highest in London, affecting extra than one in 4 households in Newham (26.2%), adopted by the close by boroughs of Tower Hamlets (19.7%) and Barking & Dagenham (17.9%).
Outdoors London, the best figures have been for Slough (14.9%), Luton (10.7%) and Leicester (10.4%).
The sample is analogous for overcrowding in indifferent properties, with Newham as soon as extra topping the checklist (26.3%), adopted by Tower Hamlets (21.8%) and Barking & Dagenham (21.3%), whereas Manchester (11.5%) and Slough (11.1%) are highest exterior the capital.
The native authorities that noticed the bottom ranges of overcrowding are usually largely rural areas or parts of the nation with few built-up areas.
Allerdale in Cumbria recorded the bottom charges for flats (0.8% overcrowded) and the Derbyshire Dales was lowest for terraces (1.2%), whereas Craven in North Yorkshire had the bottom price for semi-detached properties (0.9%) and Rutland in the East Midlands was lowest for indifferent properties (0.3%).
There are sharp variations in ranges of overcrowding when taking a look at different traits, equivalent to faith and ethnicity.
Some 22.5% of households in England the place all members recognized as Muslim have been classed as overcrowded – extra than 5 instances extra probably than all households (4.4%).
For different religions the determine is even decrease, at 3.0% for Christian-only households and 2.8% for Jewish, with 8.8% for Sikh and 9.1% for Hindu-only properties.
The figures might replicate the completely different age profiles of non secular teams, the ONS stated.
The common age of individuals in England and Wales figuring out as Muslim on the time of the census was 27, whereas for individuals figuring out as Christian it was 51.
Amongst ethnic teams, households in England the place all members recognized as black had the best stage of overcrowding (16.1%), adopted by people who have been Asian-only (14.6%) – effectively above the equal figures for blended (6.5%) and white (2.5%).
For households with two ethnic teams the determine was 11.1%, whereas for 3 or extra ethnic teams it was 12.1%.